American Idol logo 2008–2011

American Idol logo 2008–2011 (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

“As a child I always wanted to be a singer. The music my mother played in the house moved me – Aretha Franklin, Chaka Khan, Mahalia Jackson. It was truly spiritual. It made you understand what God was. We are all spirits. We get depressed. But music makes you want to live. I know my music has saved my life.”
Mary J. Blige


In this season’s American Idol Finale, Filipino-Mexican-American singer Jessica Sanchez attempts to make history as its youngest winner ever.  She has done extremenly well – receiving numerous accolades – and there is no doubt that she will have a fruitful singing career.


But behind Jessica’s success, the road was filled with thorns.  This season, she was saved from elimination by the judges, who overturned the decision of the voting public.  There is a lot of meaning to being saved, and we can all learn from Jessica’s experience.


So what does it mean to be saved?


S – Second chance


Jessica’s American Idol journey could have been over a month ago, when she received the least number of votes.  But the triumvirate power of Steven Tyler, Jennifer Lopez, and Randy Jackson to save a contenstant this season was timely.  The power to save can be used only once – and Jessica was the beneficiary.  After being saved, Jessica was never the same again.


She sang her heart out in the weeks that followed.  It was obvious in the way she prepared for her numbers.  She no longer held back – and the public saw it.  She never ended up at the bottom again after that.


This is what we must do when we are saved.  Make the most of every opportunity.  When someone saves you from imminent death, treat each succeeding day as if it were your last.


A – Alteration


From a laid-back style that was confident but lacking in emotion, Jessica emerged like a wounded tiger stalking its prey after being nearly eliminated.  She wanted to go down fighting.  The public saw it – and it was endearing to see the kind of effort she put in week after week until the finale.


It’s hard to alter a laid-back style when things are going smoothly.  Then tragedy strikes, and we are swept off our feet.  Given the chance to escape, we must grab the stick, hang on, and make changes for the better when we get to safer ground.


V – Vindication


Jessica has been singing all her life.  But she was looking for vindication.  Was she really good?  People said she was – she had relative success in America’s Got Talent at age 11 – but she has never emerged victorious.  Facing elimination yet again was tough.  But she was saved, and the vindication began.  She started to believe in herself more, and took more risks.


Do you know someone who needs vindication?  Lift her up today.  You may be the savior who could bring someone to unprecedented success.


E – Enliven


It is inspiring to see someone emerge from the claws of defeat and emerge victorious.  Today, the Filipino-Mexican community is at the forefront in declaring support for their Idol.  The minority has come alive, and in a big way.  They were not going to allow Jessica to  be voted out again.


Share those uplifting stories about rising from adversity.  Be an ambassador of hope.  Those narratives can save lives.


D – Deliverance


At the end of it all, win or lose, Jessica has delivered.  She is indeed grateful, but there is more to come.  After the series of concerts with American Idol finalists, she will embark on a new journey as a superstar.  And with her experiences, she will surely deliver.


One has to find a way to carry others towards success.  When you reach the top, help others get there too.  Jim Whittaker, the first american to reach Mount Everest, has put more than a dozen more climbers on the summit afterwards.  When you let others experience greatness, life becomes more worthwhile.


Good luck on the finale, Jessica Sanchez!





The Seven Deadly Sins and the Four Last Things

The Seven Deadly Sins and the Four Last Things (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

“There are six things the Lord hates, seven that are detestable to him:  haughty eyes,  a lying tongue, hands that shed innocent blood,  a heart that devises wicked schemes, feet that are quick to rush into evil, a false witness who pours out lies, and a person who stirs up conflict in the community.”

–  Proverbs 6:16-19

Yes, the seven deadly sins are truly deadly for physicians.

It is essential to ponder on life and the need for repentance.  In the process of saving lives, health care professionals may fall into traps that can lead to the inability to fulfill one’s full potential.  The seven deadly sins are real – and we need divine intervention to triumph over their enticements.

If you want to grow both spiritually and in your chosen career, avoid these fatal transgressions:

1.  Pride: “Pride leads to destruction, and arrogance to downfall.” (Proverbs 16:18)

An excessive belief in one’s own ability in the face of success is common among physicians.  Never forget that a healer is just an instrument of God’s infinite kindness.  Thank the Lord today for giving you the privilege to touch other people’s lives.  Maintain your humility, and watch people flock towards you and provide you with your needs.

2.  Envy : “Therefore, rid yourselves of all malice and all deceit, hypocrisy, envy, and slander of every kind. Like newborn babies, crave pure spiritual milk, so that by it you may grow up in your salvation.” (1 Peter 2:1-2)

There is nothing wrong with the desire to have what others have.  But if this is accompanied with hope for the other person’s downfall or demise, it becomes sinful.  Never be covetous.  Being a professional, you already have more than what most people have.  Show love to every patient and colleague you encounter each day.

3.  Lust : “But now I tell you: Anyone who looks at a woman lustfully has already committed adultery with her in his heart.” (Matthew 5:28)

When you have so many things, you become more alluring to others.  Bridle all your passions, and channel them to actions that are more constructive.  It’s normal to be attracted to others, so practice self-control.  You may lose your status just because of one little secret affair.

4.  Wrath:  “A gentle answer turns away wrath, but a harsh word stirs up anger.” (Proverbs 15:1)

Some doctors and nurses can be cruel at times.  The inherent stress of the medical environment may lead to conflicts that spawn turmoil.  Be patient and kind in the face of other people’s limitations.  You were also ignorant and limited once upon a time.

5.  Gluttony: “Drunkards and gluttons will be reduced to poverty.  If all you do is eat and sleep, you will soon be wearing rags.” (Proverbs 23:21)

Want to spend your earnings in a casino while sipping a Dom Perignon?  Want to have sponsored free dinner buffets everyday?  While there’s nothing wrong with wanting to live it up, there’s something wrong with wanting to have so much more than what you actually need.  Be more generous and donate your excesses to people who must have it.

6.  Greed: “They have lost all feeling of shame; they give themselves over to vice and do all sorts of indecent things without restraint.” (Ephesians 4:19)

Related to gluttony, greed has been the downfall of many.  This is about more than money.  It could signify taking undeserved credit or praise – hogging the limelight instead of others. It could also relate to doing good but expecting something in return. Greed is the longing to want something more than what is fair and just – including professional fees.

7.  Sloth: “The way of the sluggard is blocked with thorns, but the path of the upright is a highway.” (Proverbs 15:19)

Health care is a lot of work.  But it must be done.  If one has the habit of passing on the job to others, remember that the commander still retains accountability and responsibility.  Having the zeal to respond to valid orders is part and parcel of being a true professional.

Are you surprised that the seven deadly sins are also the seven deadly medical sins?


Mount Everest North Face as seen from the path...

Mount Everest North Face as seen from the path to the base camp, Tibet. Español: Cara norte del Monte Everest vista desde el sendero que lleva al campo base en el Tibet (China). Français : Face nord du Mont Everest vue du chemin menant au camp de base. Tibet. Italiano: Faccia Nord del monte Everest vista dal sentiero che porta al campo base in Tibet. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

“Success is knowing your purpose in life, growing to reach your maximum potential, and sowing seeds that benefit others.”

John C. Maxwell

S – Strategies don’t always work

There is no way for us to tell what the future holds.  Some people make a living out of making bold predictions, but the truth is no one can be on target all the time. Therefore, concentrate on the present.  I remember my Internal Medicine professor and mentor, Dr. Aristeo Eslava, telling his students this:  First year students must become second year, second year must become third year, third year students must move on to clerkship, clerks must graduate to internship, and interns must take the board exams and pass.  Don’t focus too far into the future.  Focus on the tasks today and let tomorrow’s worries be tomorrow’s worries.

Another reason for not planning too far out is because today’s world is changing fast.  Ten years ago, mobile technology was just about mobile phones and texting.  Today, we can form social networks using our phones or tablet computers.  The development has implications on marketing (you no longer have to spend too much on TV ads to introduce a product or service), medicine (non-physicians can now have access to medical information without going to a medical clinic), and education (a student can quickly check out your sources from the internet while delivering a lecture).  We all have to make quick adjustments, depending on what happens to our environment.

The key strategy, however is to follow your interests.  Select a career which will motivate you to excel for the rest of your life, instead of making a choice based on the promise of high income or prestige.  Ask yourself what you find meaningful and enjoyable, and stick to it no matter how the tide turns.  Who knows, you may discover a hidden talent that distinguishes you as a cut above the rest.

(If you need help on how to form a strategy for success, John C. Maxwell’s book, “Your Road Map to Success”, may be of help.)

U – Unselfishness is key

Success is about providing value to others, not just for yourself.  Most successful people improve their own lives by improving other people’s lives.  As Zig Ziglar likes to say, “You can get everything in life you want if you will just help enough other people get what they want.”

Stop focusing on yourself and start focusing on others.  The great entrepreneurs know this, constantly churning out products and services that solve other people’s problems.  Bill gates gave us the Windows operating system, Steve Jobs created the iPad and iPhone, and Mark Zuckerberg keeps us all connected through Facebook.  They found ways to address our problems and desires, and it made them successful.  If you are a physician, instead of thinking of ways to get more patients and referrals, find ways to become more accessible and accommodating to your patients.   If you are a businessman, instead of looking for ways to monopolize the market, try to help the less fortunate people who really need your product service.  Wealth and happiness comes to those who lose themselves in the service of others.

(If you need help on the unselfishness aspect, read chapter 14 of Zig Ziglar’s book “Better than Good”.)

C – Core competence is the focus

Back when I was in high school and college, I found myself studying things which I felt were useless.  In an effort to make all students learn all that there is to learn, professors try to smother students with an overload of information, and hope students retain this information.  The result: students fail to develop their strengths, but they learn to cover their weaknesses in order to pass.

Instead of working on your weaknesses, discover what your talents and skills are and focus on them. The best way to excel is to use your time in honing your strengths.  What do you do consistently well?  What gives you energy?  What sorts of activities seem natural for you?  Successful people capitalize on what they are good at.

However, you can only do this once you have already proven your competence as a generalist.  Show diligence and discipline first in simple things, and eventually, people will trust you with more challenging assignments that maximize your abilities.  If you are a physician with a goal to become the best neurosurgeon in the world, be a good general physician first who does an adequate history and physical examination.  It is best to master the basics first, then to move on to more specialized functions later on.

(If you need help on being more focused on your career, read “The Power of Focus” by Jack Canfield, Mark Victor Hansen, and Les Heswitt.)

C – Continuous craving for greatness is required

Do you really want to be rich?  Is being a professional basketball player your ultimate dream?  Is it your desire to conquer Mount Everest?  These cravings and desires need lots of motivation to be realized, but most likely, the motivation must come from within.  According to Daniel Pink, autonomy, mastery, and purpose are needed in order to stay hungry.  Autonomy means that one is given the leeway to pursue the means to complete one’s work.  Mastery is about desire, and this desire can be fueled by working on something that is challenging.  Purpose means having a deeper meaning for doing something – and it often involves doing it for others.

Bill Gates wanted the personal computer to be maximized and utilized by everyone so they could be more productive, and it has made him rich.  Michael Jordan wanted to increase basketball’s popularity worldwide, and it was this thought that made him play exceptional basketball, because he wanted to become a global ambassador for the sport.  Romy Garduce wanted to become the first Filipino to conquer Mount Everest, and he did it at a time when the country was craving for success in whatever field due to the country’s recent disasters and calamities.  Craving for something intrinsically is ultimately the best way to succeed.

(If you want to know the keys to motivation, get your hands on Daniel Pink’s “Drive”.)

E – Endurance is a must

You might be able to name someone with lots of talent.  These talented individuals may not achieve greatness because they have no desire to invest time to practice and get better. When there are obstacles, they easily give up.  Talented people get upstaged by people with less talent but with more determination.

According to Irving Berlin, “Talent is only a starting point…you need to keep working on that talent.”  The choices one makes will create the difference between average and excellence.  Do things not to get an external reward like cash, praise, or a promotion – do things because you love doing it.  The more intrinsically motivated you are, the more likely you are to persist in times of trouble.

(Perseverance is needed to sustain talent.  Read on it from chapter 7 of John C. Maxwell’s “Talent is Never Enough“.)

S- Slip-ups are bumps, not road blocks

Too many people spend their time avoiding mistakes. They are so concerned about being told that they are wrong. In the medical profession, for instance, the focus is often to avoid failure for fear of ridicule.  But most successful people make mistakes, because they are trying to move out of their comfort zones. Each time they fail, they get better and move closer to excellence.

In today’s world, it is extremely risky not to take risks.  We need to do things that no one else has done in order to set us apart from the crowd.  Think of what could have happened if Michael Jordan passed on those game-winning shots, the Wright brothers packed their bags when their flying instrument did not get off the ground, or if John Pemberton never accidentally blended carbonated water instead of plain water to his syrup concoction to make Coca-cola.

(There is no better way to learn how to turn mistakes into learning opportunities than John C. Maxwell’s “Failing Forward”)

S – Stamp your signature in your final sentence

What do you like people to remember you for?  Think about your sentence and use it to navigate your life.  Make a difference.

Manny Pacquiao is probably the best boxer in history.  He has riches beyond his wildest dreams, and is on his way up in his political career.  Yet today, he has realized his limitations, and he does not just want to be remembered as a boxer and politician.  He is now into studying the Bible, because he says he wants to plant seeds in heaven this time, which will last for eternity.

Manny is right.  When you have everything, you tend to go back to that One True Thing – satisfying your Creator.  It does not matter how much you earn, but more importantly, it is essential to know how much you learn, and how you are able to translate that learning to benefit your fellowmen.  The Lord has provided us a “leakage” as to what he will ask us during the “Final Exam” when we reach the end of our days (See Matthew 25:31-40).

(The book “Halftime” by Bob Buford is a great read on how to move from success to significance.)


English: Palo Alto native and Harvard Universi...

Image via Wikipedia

“Nothing in this world can take the place of persistence. Talent will not; nothing is more common than unsuccessful people with talent. Genius will not; unrewarded genius is almost a proverb. Education will not; the world is full of educated derelicts. Persistence and determination alone are omnipotent. The slogan “press on” has solved and always will solve the problems of the human race.”

–  Calvin Coolidge

It’s the story of the season.  Jeremy Lin, the undrafted Taiwanese-American who was cut and neglected by at least 2 other NBA teams, has taken the New York Knicks to new heights.  Never offered an athletic scholarship, Lin studied Economics at Harvard, but he never gave up on his dream of playing professional basketball.  Today he is “Linsanity”, leading the lowly Knicks to respectability despite the absence of its established superstars.  The Media circus surrounding his meteoric rise has spread to Asia, with the audience watching NBA games in Taiwan reaching record proportions.

What are the keys to perseverance?  In a nutshell, persistence can be spelled out as JEREMY LIN.

J – Just Do it.  Take action even when presented with obstacles.  Not all lights will be green, but just keep moving.  Lin moved from one team to another, until he found the New York Knicks.

E – Endure to the end.  Remember that nothing worth achieving comes easy.  And Jeremy was probably thinking of ending his dream for good.  Lin was nearly cut by the Knicks too, but due to injuries to its starters, he got his chance.  The break was all he needed to show his wares.

R – Realistic.  If you have a seemingly insurmountable goal, break it down into smaller, more attainable targets.  Lin toiled with Harvard when Stanford University gave him a cold shoulder.  He played in the NBA developmental league.  He warmed the bench.  But he knew that all of these were stepping stones.  He decided to take it once step at a time, because realistically, he did not have the outstanding credentials to become an instant success.

E – End in Mind.  Keep your eye on the prize.  All Lin wanted  was to play in the NBA.  He got more than he wanted – and he is now slated to be a permanent fixture in New York’s roster.

M – Master your craft.  Keep getting better.  Lin was academically smart, but he needed to improve his basketball IQ.  Until now he is learning – he is prone to commit turnovers, but because of his gutsy play, he is never afraid to make mistakes.  That’s the mark of a great player.

Y – Yield when needed.  Sometimes you need to take the backseat for the sake of your team.  When the superstars returned, Lin was more than willing to play with them and churn out more victories.  Never think that the world revolves around you.  Getting over the hump is easier when the burden is shared with others.

L – Live by the day.  Enjoy the ride, cherish the journey.  Don’t deprive yourself of life’s simple pleasures on the road to success.  Jeremy is enjoying the limelight.  He seems so natural in interviews.  But he knows that ultimately he has a goal to fulfill.

I – Inspire yourself.  Look up to others.  Be inspired and motivate yourself everyday.  Yao Ming, the Chinese basketball great, has surely been an inspiration for Lin.  It’s great to have a model to follow – a framework to reach a destination.  Yao has paved the way, and Jeremy has followed.

N – Never give up.  You will get cut.  You will be rejected.  You will warm the bench.  But if it’s worth the wait, never, never give up.

So where will Jeremy Lin go from here?  It’s all up to him.  And it’s all up to you to decide to follow JEREMY LIN.


Image representing Facebook as depicted in Cru...

Image via CrunchBase

“Done is better than perfect.”

Mark Zuckerberg

As Facebook goes public with its IPO, an unknown graffiti artist stands to earn a huge payout.   He wisely took Facebook stock instead of cash for painting the walls of the social network’s first headquarters. The stock is expected to be worth upward of $200 million when it trades publicly later this year.

Jealous?  Who wouldn’t be?  But then again, we can learn a lot from this story.  It really pays to delay gratification.  Toil hard today, and reap the benefits tomorrow.

I had this Facebook-like idea when I was still a resident in training around 10 years ago.  Back then, I was thinking of a dating website, where individuals could interact with others, share photos and ideas, and keep posted on each other’s activities.  This was at a time when social networking was still relatively unknown.  However, as I was not web-savvy, and because I was deep into my training as a Family Physician, the idea was just that – an idea.  Without the necessary action to bring the idea to fruition, nothing happened.

Do you have an idea today?  Do you think the idea has flaws?  I’d say act on it anyway.  On the walls of Facebook’s office is written the words “Done is better than perfect”.  The idea for Facebook was not without glitches, but Mark Zuckerberg acted on the ideas.  He now stands to earn 28.4 billion dollars from the selling of Facebook shares to the public.  If you’re the type who would only start the engine when all the green lights are on, think again.  Only action can bring realization to your dreams.

Never regret doing the hard, dirty work today to reach your goals.  Persevere and always remain positive.  And learn to postpone comforts today so you can have a better tomorrow.  If you are in training today and thinking of quitting, rethink your strategy.  Talk it out with a mentor.  Chances are, you may be making a drastic decision while in an emotional state.  Never decide on your future when you are angry, disappointed, or disgusted.

The Facebook story is inspiring because it could happen to anyone.  Huge payoffs often start with a simple idea that was acted upon.  The idea need not be completely original – it could be adopted from others with just a little twist.  Improving on the products and services of others may be all it takes.  So just do it, and remain patient.

Facebook was successful, because it Found A Creative, Efficient, Brilliant, Out-of the Box, Opportunity to spread Knowledge.  And I know, my dear reader, that you can do that too!


English: The Kip from Yearning Saddle Taken fr...

Image via Wikipedia

It’s the start of the year.  Here are my wishes for you and your loved ones:

H – Health.  May you have it in you so that you can fulfill your mission and vision for the year.

A – Ability.  May you develop the skill to reach your dreams.

P – Prosperity.  May the Good Lord bless you and shower you financially.

P – Peace. May you nurture your relationship with others and bridge communication gaps with friends and family.

Y – Yearning.  May you never run out of reasons to do what is right and just.

N – Nobility.  May you protect your good name and leave a good legacy.

E – Endurance.  May you have the staying power to endure all the hardships and challenges that come your way.

W – Willingness.  May you have pleasure in following the authority figures in your life who lead you and your organization.

Y – Yes.  May you limit the times when you reject others who want to extend help, and to give help in return.

E – Enthusiasm.  May you always be inspired with divine wisdom and positive thoughts.

A – Altruism.  May you have unselfish concern and compassion for the people you deal with everyday.

R – Reward.  Hope for the best.  Ask and you shall receive.  Seek and you shall find.  Knock and the doors of heaven will be opened up to you.

Happy New Year everyone!


A map of Mindanao color-coded by regions. ARMM...

Image via Wikipedia

God does not force us to believe in him, though he could. Instead, he has provided sufficient proof of his existence for us to willingly respond to him. 

– Marilyn Adamson

Another disaster has struck our country.   As of last count, a total of 976 people have been confirmed killed and 46 remained missing from the onslaught of tropical storm Sendong in seven regions in Mindanao and Visayas.  A national calamity has been declared, and various groups have started organized efforts for relief and rehabilitation.

It is easy to blame other people when we experience difficulties.  Our government officials are now doing this.  Every time something like this happens, it’s sad that no one likes to assume responsibility.  I have yet to see a leader in this country who assumes the burden of accepting blame, even if he or she is not directly responsible for the events leading to a crisis.  Hopefully, the leader who knows what true leadership is about is within our midst, waiting for a chance to be identified and elected.

Victims also tend to question the existence of God when disaster strikes.  I hope this does not happen.  For those in doubt, I have read a very good article to prove the existence of a supreme being.  Never lose hope in the face of adversity – I know that there is a God who will carry us through no matter who we are and no matter what situation we are in.  And while God cannot be with us physically, let us remember that He can use each one of us as an instrument of His unlimited kindness and generosity.

National leaders, religious leaders, and psychiatrists hog the limelight during media interviews, offering help, suggestions, and future plans for prevention.  The bottom line in all this lies in finding ways to truly be of service to those in need of assistance.

So what can we do now?  The least we can do is to help.  Donate to charities, or simply provide manpower and assistance to your community’s efforts to extend a helping hand.  Let us all make the world know again how much the Filipino people‘s spirit of BAYANIHAN can overcome any obstacles.  We owe it to our God, to our country, and to our fellowmen.

Does God Exist? –

Sendong aftermath photos:


Filipino commercial bibingka in banana leaf liner.

Image via Wikipedia

S – Sermon.  Listen to the homily of the priest.  Learn from its message.

I – Inside the church. That’s where you must be. Don’t just stand around outside and wait till the final blessing to buy bibingka.

M – Meditate.  The night mass is your chance to do some introspection in preparation for the coming of the Savior.

B – Be early.  Don’t make it a goal to just arrive in time for the Gospel.  Be there right at the start of the mass.

A – Alert.  Don’t sleep during the mass.  If you need to take a cup of coffee, do it before you go to mass.

N – Neat.  Make an effort to look presentable.  Would you talk to your boss without even combing your hair or brushing your teeth?

G – Greet others during the mass.  Say good morning or good evening. Clearly say “peace be with you”.  Be a welcoming presence.

G – Give.  Place something in the collection box.  This is the season for giving.

A – Apparel.  Wear decent clothes.  The attention of everyone must be placed on the priest, not on you.

B – Bread of Life.  Receive the Holy Communion.  It will make you feel the true spirit of the season.

I – Inspire.  After the mass, spread the good news in words and in deeds.  Be a positive influence. It’s what all true Christians must do.



Image by Beedle Um Bum via Flickr

It’s the season to be jolly.  To find the true reason for the season, always remember this mnemonic:  C.H.R.I.S.T.M.A.S.

C – Christ.  Always make Him the centerpiece of the celebration.  Start and end with a prayer to Him.

H – Happiness.  Make it a joyous occasion.  Forget the troubles and the hurts.

R – Reverence.  Honor the people who have done you good the past year.  Make them feel loved and appreciated.

I – Illuminate.  Brighten someone’s day by sharing your talents and gifts to the less fortunate.

S – Spangle.  Adorn and decorate the environment with beautiful and colorful ornaments.

T – Touch.  Feel the love in the air and respond positively to it.  Don’t be a grinch.

M – Money.  Don’t spend all of it.  Leave some for the rainy days.  But don’t be a scrooge!

A –  Associate.  Be visible and friendly.  Attend parties to meet new friends and rekindle old ones.

S – Satiate.  Eat, eat, and eat.  But don’t forget to exercise!

Have a Merry Christmas everyone!


New Year Sunrise

Image by joka2000 via Flickr

Be always at war with your vices, at peace with your neighbors, and let each new year find you a better man.

Benjamin Franklin

New Year‘s resolutions.  They’re made to be broken.  Still, people make them.  A New Year brings new hope and a fresh start.  But what do we need to change?  I have a list, which I culled from Dale Carnegie.  Which of these would you like to adopt for yourself?

I will not utilize company resources or company time for my personal purposes.

I will not pretend to be sick to escape my responsibilities.

I will not engage in negative gossip.

I will not share confidential information that has been entrusted to me.

I will not fail to complete things which I promised to do.

I will not withhold information that other people need.

I will not provide second-rate goods or services.

I will not resort to dishonesty in order to make a profit.

I will not accept inappropriate gifts.

I will not take credit for something that someone else did.

I will not fail to admit and correct my mistakes.

Advanced Happy New Year Everyone!